Investigation of linear and nonlinear properties of a heartbeat time series using multiscale Rényi entropy

Herbert F. Jelinek, David J. Cornforth, Mika P. Tarvainen, Kinda Khalaf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The time series of interbeat intervals of the heart reveals much information about disease and disease progression. An area of intense research has been associated with cardiac autonomic neuropathy (CAN). In this work we have investigated the value of additional information derived from the magnitude, sign and acceleration of the RR intervals. When quantified using an entropy measure, these time series show statistically significant differences between disease classes of Normal, Early CAN and Definite CAN. In addition, pathophysiological characteristics of heartbeat dynamics provide information not only on the change in the system using the first difference but also the magnitude and direction of the change measured by the second difference (acceleration) with respect to sequence length. These additional measures provide disease categories to be discriminated and could prove useful for non-invasive diagnosis and understanding changes in heart rhythm associated with CAN.

Original languageBritish English
Article number727
JournalEntropy
Volume21
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Cardiac autonomic neuropathy
  • Diabetes
  • Entropy
  • Heart rate variability
  • Nonlinear dynamics

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