Investigating Circadian Heart Rate Variability in Coronary Artery Disease Patients with Various Degrees of Left Ventricle Ejection Fraction

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9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Early and noninvasive identification of heart failure progression is an important adjunct to successful and timely intervention. Severity of heart failure (HF) was assessed by Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction (LVEF). In this paper, we explore the circadian (24-hour) heart rate variability (HRV) features from ''normal (EF >50%), at-risk (EF <40%), and border-line (40% ≤ EF ≤ 50%) patient data to determine whether HRV features can predict the stage of heart failure. All coronary artery disease (CAD) 24-hour circadian heart rate data were fitted by a cosinor analysis algorithm. Hourly HRV features from time- and frequency-domains were then extracted from all 24-hour patient data. A one-way ANOVA test was performed followed by a Tukey post-hoc multiple comparison test to investigate the differences among the three groups. The results showed a statistically significant difference between the three groups when using the normalized high frequency (HF Norm), low frequency peak (LF Peak), and the normalized very-low frequency (VLF Norm) for the 05:00-06:00 and 18:00-19:00 time periods. These results highlight a possible link between the circadian variation of sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous system activity and LVEF for CAD patients. The results could be useful in differentiating the various degrees of LVEF by using only noninvasive HRV features derived over a 24-hour period.Clinical relevance - The proposed method could be clinically useful to estimate the extent of LVEF associated with the severity of heart failure by recording the circadian variation of the heart rate in CAD patients. However, further clinical trials on a larger cohort of patients and controls are required.

Original languageBritish English
Title of host publication42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Subtitle of host publicationEnabling Innovative Technologies for Global Healthcare, EMBC 2020
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages714-717
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781728119908
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020
Event42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020 - Montreal, Canada
Duration: 20 Jul 202024 Jul 2020

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBS
Volume2020-July
ISSN (Print)1557-170X

Conference

Conference42nd Annual International Conferences of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2020
Country/TerritoryCanada
CityMontreal
Period20/07/2024/07/20

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