Internet of Things (IoT)-Based Environmental Monitoring and Control System for Home-Based Mushroom Cultivation

Jiu Li Chong, Kit Wayne Chew, Angela Paul Peter, Huong Yong Ting, Pau Loke Show

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


The control and monitoring of the environmental conditions in mushroom cultivation has been a challenge in the mushroom industry. Currently, research has been conducted to implement successful remote environmental monitoring, or, in some cases, remote environmental control, yet there is not yet a combination of both these systems providing live stream images or video. As a result, this research aimed to design and develop an Internet of things (IoT)-based environmental control and monitoring system for mushroom cultivation, whereby the growth conditions of the mushrooms, such as temperature, humidity, light intensity, and soil moisture level, are remotely monitored and controlled through a mobile and web application. Users would be able to visualize the growth of the mushroom remotely by video and images through the Internet. The respective sensors are implemented into the mushroom cultivation process and connected to the NodeMCU microcontroller, which collects and transfers the data to the cloud server, enabling remote access at any time through the end device with internet connection. The control algorithm regulates the equipment within the cultivational chamber autonomously, based on feedback from the sensors, in order to retain the optimum environment for the cultivation of mushrooms. The sensors were tested and compared with manual readings to ensure their accuracy. The implementation of IoT toward mushroom cultivation would greatly contribute to the advancement of the current mushroom industry which still applies the traditional cultivation approach.

Original languageBritish English
Article number98
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • cultivation
  • environmental control
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • mushroom
  • remote monitoring


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