Innovative graphene microbial platforms for domestic wastewater treatment

Hanaa M. Hegab, Ahmed ElMekawy, Ben van den Akker, Milena Ginic-Markovic, Christopher Saint, Gayle Newcombe, Deepak Pant

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Supplying clean water to fulfill human requirements is one of this century’s priorities. Global water resources are barely aligned with the rising demand, which is further aggravated by rising population, climate change and water quality problems. Consequently, there is a persistent need for innovative technologies to valorize unconventional water resources such as domestic wastewater. Graphene holds promising prospects in developing domestic wastewater treatment to qualitatively enhance treatment efficiency and quantitatively increase water supply. This review highlights the existing wastewater treatment processes along with their challenges according to South Australian wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) which are representative of many modern WWTPs. The discussion will also cover the current and potential applications of graphene for domestic wastewater treatment, as well as obstacles and research priorities required for commercialization.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)147-158
Number of pages12
JournalReviews in Environmental Science and Biotechnology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2018


  • Domestic wastewater
  • Graphene
  • Microbial platforms
  • Sludge
  • Wastewater treatment plant


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