Inhibition of γH2AX, COX-2 and regulation of antioxidant enzymes in MPP+-exposed SH-SY5Y cells pre-treated with rutin

Adaze Bijou Enogieru, William Haylett, Donavon Hiss, Okobi Ekpo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Many plant-derived bioactive compounds such as rutin are reportedly effective in attenuating neuronal death in most neurodegenerative disorders. Parkinson’s disease (PD) is characterized by the gradual degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of the midbrain, and has previously been modelled in-vitro through the specific neurotoxic activity of 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) on dopaminergic neurons. Rutin is a bioflavonoid with multiple pharmacological effects, and this study investigated the neuroprotective effects of rutin in the human dopaminergic SH-SY5Y cell line using the neurotoxin MPP+. SH-SY5Y cells pretreated with rutin, were exposed to MPP+ and evaluated for cell viability, nitric oxide (NO), reactive oxygen species (ROS) and antioxidant enzymes activities. In addition, western blot techniques were used to determine the protein expression levels of γH2AX and COX-2. Rutin significantly attenuated MPP+-induced loss of cell viability, mitigated ROS and NO production and inhibited the disruption of antioxidant enzymes activity. It was also observed that rutin significantly reduced protein expression levels of γH2AX and COX-2 in SH-SY5Y cells treated with MPP+. Taken together, findings from this study tend to suggest that rutin is a promising neuroprotective compound for the treatment of PD through its effects on some of the mechanisms that characterize this neurodegenerative disease.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)2119-2130
Number of pages12
JournalMetabolic Brain Disease
Issue number7
StatePublished - Oct 2021


  • COX-2
  • Nitric oxide
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • Rutin
  • ΓH2AX


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