Influence of forest stands and root morphologies on hillslope stability

André Guy Tranquille Temgoua, Nomessi K. Kokutse, Zanin Kavazović

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Forest plantations can help to reinforce soil and improve hillslope's stability against shallow landslides. Based on 3D finite element method implemented in SIMULIA software, this paper develops a 3D numerical simulation model to assess impact of forest's stands structure and 3D root system morphologies on hillslope's stability. A preliminary analysis is performed to assess the impact of different stand parameters and root morphologies on the slope's safety factor as well as on the volume of soil mobilized by a landslide. Regarding tree's root morphology, we found that the overall slope's stability mainly depends on the depth of root's system and on additional cohesion provided by the roots. Hence, tap-like block morphology provides the best overall stability improvement. Furthermore, among the stand parameters, inter-tree distance in the slope direction has the greatest influence on the slope's safety factor. The rectangular pattern of stand distribution exhibits the lowest inter-tree distance in the slope direction and significantly improves slope's stability. Finally, the volume of soil mobilized during a landslide shows noticeable variations through root block morphologies. However, for a given root morphology, the stand distribution does not cause significant differences in the volume of soil mobilized during a landslide.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)622-634
Number of pages13
JournalEcological Engineering
Volume95
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • 3D finite elements modelling
  • Ecological engineering
  • Hillslope stability
  • Landslides
  • Root morphology

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