Industry 4.0 and Lean Six Sigma integration in manufacturing: A literature review, an integrated framework and proposed research perspectives

Dounia Skalli, Abdelkabir Charkaoui, Anass Cherrafi, Jose Arturo Garza-Reyes, Jiju Antony, Alireza Shokri

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    17 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    This article explores the literature on lean management (LM), Six Sigma (SS), Industry 4.0 (I4.0) and their relationship. A systematic literature review (SLR) combined with bibliometric analysis was conducted to identify, select and evaluate articles and was supported by content analysis to classify papers into group-discussed clusters. A total of 134 articles were retrieved from relevant databases and publisher engines between 2011 and June 2022. The analysis of these articles enabled us to identify the impact of Industry 4.0 technologies on Lean SS; the relationship between LM, SS and Industry 4.0 and the implications of their combination on operational excellence. The results show that while a majority of researchers consider Industry 4.0 to be a driver of LSS and a prerequisite for helping companies access the data and analytics needed, others find them to be complementary and synergistic. Similarly, various authors support the idea that LSS could be a facilitator of Industry 4.0. This study provides an overview of the main research streams in this field and its shortcomings and presents an LSS4.0 framework integrating Lean SS and Industry 4 which will be of great value to academics and practitioners working in this area.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)16-40
    Number of pages25
    JournalQuality Management Journal
    Volume30
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2023

    Keywords

    • Digitalization
    • Industry 4.0
    • Lean manufacturing
    • Lean Six Sigma
    • literature review
    • Six Sigma

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