Improving the stability of thyme essential oil solid liposome by using β-cyclodextrin as a cryoprotectant

Lin Lin, Yulin Zhu, Baskar Thangaraj, Mohamed A.S. Abdel-Samie, Haiying Cui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations


The objective of this study was to investigate the preparation of the freeze-dried ε-polylysine (ε-PLY)-coated thyme essential oil (TEO) liposome, and its application in vegetable juices to control the Escherichia coli O157:H7 growth. Firstly, the solid liposomes (SLP) were obtained via freeze-drying in the presence of β-cyclodextrins as cryoprotectant under different ratios of β-cyclodextrin: lipid (w/w) (2:1, 4:1, 6:1 and 8:1). The ultraviolet visible and fourier transformed infrared spectrograms results indicated the presence of TEO and ε-PLY in SLPs. Subsequently, the morphology, antioxidant activity, digestibility, release rate and phase inversion temperature of SLPs were measured respectively. The SLP powders and re-hydrated SLP solutions exhibited the optimal physical and chemical properties when the ratio of β-cyclodextrin: lipid was 6:1. In addition, SLPs stored at 4 °C and 12 °C possessed favorable particle size, PDI and zeta potential. Finally, the desired antibacterial effects of SLPs on Escherichia coli O157:H7 in 4 vegetable juices were achieved at a concentration of 5 mg/mL.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)243-251
Number of pages9
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
StatePublished - 15 May 2018


  • Antibacterial effect
  • Solid liposome
  • Thyme essential oil
  • β-Cyclodextrin


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