Hydrogen-rich syngas production via steam reforming of palm oil mill effluent (POME) – A thermodynamics analysis

Yoke Wang Cheng, Zhan Sheng Lee, Chi Cheng Chong, Maksudur R. Khan, Chin Kui Cheng, Kim Hoong Ng, Sk Safdar Hossain

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42 Scopus citations


In current paper, thermodynamics study of palm oil mill effluent (POME) steam reforming was performed to investigate its feasibility for syngas production. By using the minimization of total Gibbs free energy method, the thermodynamic simulation is executed to study the effect of reaction temperature (573–1173 K) on product yield (Yi) and syngas ratio (H2:CO). Based on preliminary analysis, the POME liquor composed of 99.73% water and 0.27% organic contents by mole. Complete conversion of POME's organic contents is accomplished regardless of reforming temperature. However, the equilibrium constant reveals that not every organic constituent in POME are reformed into syngas via steam reforming at ≤673 K, so their disappearance hints at the occurrence of thermal decomposition. The steam reforming of all organic contents in POME is only viable at ≥773 K. From POME steam reforming at 573–1173 K, H2-rich syngas (H2:CO ratio = 25–3457) is produced. For syngas production, the optimum temperature is 1073 K because it gives highest Ysyngas (58348 μmol syngas/mol POME) with a Qrequired of 12.05 kJ/mol POME. In a nutshell, the POME steam reforming is an alluring process that viable for syngas production as it potentially mitigates the environmental issue inflicted by palm oil processing.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)20711-20724
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
StatePublished - 2 Aug 2019


  • Hydrogen
  • Palm oil mill effluent
  • Steam reforming
  • Thermodynamics


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