How do the technological capability and strategic flexibility of an organization impact its successful implementation of Industry 4.0? A qualitative viewpoint

Michael Sony, Jiju Antony, Olivia Mc Dermott

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    15 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Purpose: Industry 4.0 (I 4.0) consists of numerous digital technologies applied in organizations strategically to add value to the customer. Different organizations have varying degrees of technological capability and strategic flexibility. This paper aims to explore the relationship between technological capability and strategic flexibility on successful implementation of I 4.0. Design/methodology/approach: A qualitative study using a grounded theory approach is conducted on 34 senior managers from Europe and North America who have implemented I 4.0 participated in this study through a theoretical sampling frame. Findings: This study finds that technological capability and strategic flexibility have an impact on the successful implementation of I 4.0. The study also finds that different dimensions of technological capability also impact I 4.0. The interactive effect of strategic flexibility and technological capability is also noted. The study also develops a framework for successful implementation of I 4.0. Practical implications: This study can be used by managers while implementing I 4.0 to devise a strategic roadmap for acquiring technological capability with I 4.0 technologies. Besides, it will help the managers to consider the bidirectional relationship between technological capability and strategic flexibility while formulating I 4.0 strategy for successful implementation of I 4.0 in their organizations. Originality/value: Previous studies have examined the importance of I 4.0 technologies. However, this study extends the previous works by suggesting how technological capability and strategic flexibility can help in the successful implementation of I 4.0.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)924-949
    Number of pages26
    JournalBenchmarking
    Volume30
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 21 Mar 2023

    Keywords

    • I 4.0
    • Implementation
    • Strategic flexibility
    • Technological capability

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