Highly stable defective TiO2-x with tuned exposed facets induced by fluorine: Impact of surface and bulk properties on selective UV/visible alcohol photo-oxidation

Marianna Bellardita, Corrado Garlisi, Lütfiye Yildiz Ozer, Anna Maria Venezia, Jacinto Sá, Fikret Mamedov, Leonardo Palmisano, Giovanni Palmisano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Titanium dioxide samples were prepared in the presence of different amounts of fluorine via hydrothermal method. It has been found that the presence of fluoride influenced the physico-chemical properties of TiO2 in various ways as polymorphic form stability, surface hydroxylation, generation of hydroxyl radicals under irradiation and formation of Ti3+ centers and oxygen vacancies. The generation rate of [rad]OH radicals was investigated by the photoluminescence technique in the presence of terephthalic acid. X-ray diffractometry indicated that fluorine stabilized the anatase TiO2. X-Ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) revealed the presence of fluorine on the surface and the shift of the valence band edge towards less negative potentials, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) confirmed the formation of Ti3+ in the bulk of the photocatalysts, UV–vis spectra showed the extension of the TiO2 photo-response in the visible light region. 2-Propanol degradation and 4-methoxybenzyl alcohol partial oxidation were studied as probe reactions by using the home prepared powders as photocatalysts. Surprisingly, the photocatalytic activity resulted to be mainly affected by [rad]OH radicals formation ability under irradiation, rather than by the presence of {0 0 1} facets, although it cannot be excluded that the latter could influence the ability to form radicals under irradiation.

Original languageBritish English
Article number145419
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume510
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • OH radicals generation rate
  • 2-Propanol and 4-Methoxybenzyl alcohol photo-oxidations
  • Fluorine effects
  • Structural and morphological TiO control
  • TiO facets
  • Titanium dioxide (TiO)

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