Highly Efficient Energy Transfer in Light Emissive Poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) and Poly(p-phenylenevinylene) Blend System

Muhammad Umair Hassaan, Yee Chen Liu, Kamran Ul Hasan, Mohsin Rafique, Ali K. Yetisen, Haider Butt, Richard Henry Friend

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


A polymer blend system F81-x:SYx based on poly(9,9-dioctylfluorene) (F8) from the family of polyfluorenes (PFO) and a poly(para-phenylenevinylene) (PPV) derivative superyellow (SY) shows highly efficient energy transfer from F8 host to SY guest molecules. This has been realized due to a strong overlap between F8 photoemission and SY photoabsorption spectra and negligibly low self-absorption. The steady-state and time-correlated spectroscopic measurements show an increased photoluminescence quantum efficiency (PLQE) and lifetime (τ) of SY, with an opposite trend of decreasing PLQE and τ of F8 excitons with increasing SY concentration, suggesting the Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) to be the main decay pathway in the proposed system. The systematic study of the exciton dynamics shows a complete energy transfer at 10% of SY in the F8 host matrix and a Förster radius of ∼6.3 nm. The polymer blend system exhibits low laser and amplified spontaneous emission thresholds. An ultrahigh efficiency (27 cd·A-1) in F81-x:SYx based light emitting diodes (LED) has been realized due to the intrinsic property of a well-balanced charge transport within the emissive layer. The dual pathway, that is, the efficient energy transfer between the blended molecules via resonance energy transfer, and the charge-traps-assisted balanced transport makes the system promising for achieving highly efficient devices and a potential candidate for lasing applications.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)607-613
Number of pages7
JournalACS Photonics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 21 Feb 2018


  • Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET)
  • poly(para-phenylene-vinylene)
  • polyfluorene
  • polymer blends
  • steady state spectroscopy
  • time-resolved spectroscopy
  • ultrafast spectroscopy


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