Hemispherical solar still: Recent advances and development

Obai Younis, Ahmed Kadhim Hussein, Mohammed El Hadi Attia, Farhan Lafta Rashid, Lioua Kolsi, Uddhaba Biswal, Aissa Abderrahmane, Abed Mourad, Anas Alazzam

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations


Approximately (97 percent) of the water on Earth is salty or polluted, leaving just 3% as freshwater, only about (1%) of which is easily accessible for human use. The world's population is increasingly dependent on this priceless resource for electricity, irrigation, industrial processes, and everyday use. Solar desalination is gaining prominence as the most viable method for addressing water shortage in all elements of sustainable development. Several solar distillations processes use various strategies to create clean water. The hemispherical solar still (HSS) is one of the most effective alternatives for meeting the need for freshwater in rural and distant locations However, there are limits to the performance of hemispherical solar stills, and various researchers have examined the ability to enhance (HSS) thermal performance. This comprehensive review analyses and reports on the design and operating characteristics that impact the performance of the (HSS). Generally, hemispherical solar still has relatively better thermal performance than other types of solar stills. The maximum solar radiation, daily accumulative yield, thermal efficiency, CPL and recovery period for different studies related to (HSS) are prepared and arranged carefully in the present work. Additionally, the cost analysis was also considered. In order to help the researchers understand the developments of (HSSs), the most important findings of the reviewed papers were summarized.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)8236-8258
Number of pages23
JournalEnergy Reports
StatePublished - Nov 2022


  • Cost
  • Energy-storing materials
  • Fins
  • Glass cover cooling
  • Hemispherical solar still
  • Internal reflective
  • Metal trays
  • Nanofluid
  • Productivity


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