Groundwater Investigation through Electrical Resistivity Tomography in the Galhareri District, Galgaduud Region, Somalia: Insights into Hydrogeological Properties

Mahad Abdullahi Hussein, Mohammed Yusuf Ali, Hassan Ali Hussein

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    1 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) was conducted to delineate groundwater potential zones in villages located in the Galhareri district of the Galgaduud region, central Somalia. A total of four ERT profiles were examined using the gradient configuration, chosen for its practical advantages over other configurations. The study revealed that all profiles were situated within similar geological environments, characterized by comparable rock types. However, notable disparities were observed in lithological variations, particularly in the texture of rocks encountered at different locations and in the thicknesses of the encountered geo-electric layers. The two-dimensional inversion results derived from the electrical resistivity data unveiled the presence of four geo-electrical layers. The first layer was interpreted as sand dunes. The second layer exhibited relatively higher resistivity values, indicating the presence of compact limestone and sandstone. The resistivity of the third layer suggested the existence of a lower resistivity layer, interpreted as weathered limestone, while the fourth layer demonstrated very low inverted resistivity, interpreted as sandy clay with sandstone. The ERT models constructed for the survey area effectively delineated the aquifer zone, represented by layer 3, which likely consists of weathered limestone, sandy clay, and sandstone. The resistivity values obtained for the aquifer zone, specifically at depths ranging from 200 to 300 m, were relatively low, suggesting that the groundwater quality is brackish in nature.

    Original languageBritish English
    Article number3317
    JournalWater (Switzerland)
    Volume15
    Issue number18
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 2023

    Keywords

    • aquifer
    • electrical resistivity tomography
    • Galgaduud region
    • groundwater
    • Somalia

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