Grid synchronization and control of distributed generation unit with flexible load compensation capabilities using multi-output LMS-filter

Naji Al sayari, Rajasekharareddy Chilipi, Khalifa Al Hosani, Fahad Almaskari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper deals with grid synchronization and control of single-phase voltage source inverter in distributed generation (DG) systems using a multi-output adaptive filter. Besides the active power injection, the proposed control enables the inverter to compensate load harmonic and reactive currents based on the capacity of inverter. The currents to be compensated are obtained using a multi-output adaptive filter structure that operates on the principle of variable step size (VSS) least mean squares (LMS) algorithm. The main objective of VSS-LMS filter is to decompose the load current into harmonic and reactive current components and compute their RMS values. The currents extracted by the VSS-LMS filter are used in developing a flexible compensation based on load compensation factors. The load compensation factors are calculated based on the remaining capacity of the inverter and priority. Harmonic currents compensation is given first priority over the reactive currents. In addition to harmonic currents detection, the same VSS-LMS filter is used in developing a phase locked loop unit for synchronizing the inverter with fundamental point of common coupling (PCC) voltage. Synchronizing the DG inverter with fundamental PCC voltage would make the proposed control algorithm insensitive to grid voltage harmonics and frequency fluctuations. The feasibility and the efficacy of the proposed control algorithm are demonstrated using hardware-in-the-loop (HIL) based experiments.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)253-265
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems
Volume93
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Distributed generation
  • Grid synchronization
  • Harmonic and reactive currents compensation
  • Least mean squares algorithm
  • Power quality
  • Voltage source inverter

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