Getting to the bottom of footwear customization

Thilina W. Weerasinghe, Ravindra S. Goonetilleke

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    11 Scopus citations


    Footwear have been evaluated mostly using commercially available products, while some researchers have used custom shoes. Hence, the understanding of the effects of various parameters of a shoe is quite limited. The footbed simulator invented in recent years allows a range of parameters to be studied in quiet standing. It can be used to evaluate perceived feel and center of pressure changes to changes in heel height, seat length, material, wedge angle and toe spring. This paper is meant to show the value of the footbed simulator in terms of research and the actual production of shoes. A study performed with two heel heights, three combinations of seat length and material and three wedge angles showed that the perceived feel is closely related to the center of pressure. The results also show the optimum footbed has a significantly different perceived feel. Thus, the footbed simulator is an ideal way to generate custom footwear designs.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)310-322
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Systems Science and Systems Engineering
    Issue number3
    StatePublished - Sep 2011


    • center of pressure
    • comfort
    • footbed
    • Footwear
    • insole
    • mid-foot
    • shoe shape
    • stability
    • wedge angle


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