Geochemical investigation of co2 injection in oil and gas reservoirs of middle east to estimate the formation damage and related oil recovery

Ilyas Khurshid, Imran Afgan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


The injection performance of carbon dioxide (CO2 ) for oil recovery depends upon its injection capability and the actual injection rate. The CO2–rock–water interaction could cause severe formation damage by plugging the reservoir pores and reducing the permeability of the reservoir. In this study, a simulator was developed to model the reactivity of injected CO2 at various reservoir depths, under different temperature and pressure conditions. Through the estimation of location and magnitude of the chemical reactions, the simulator is able to predict the effects of change in the reservoir porosity, permeability (due to the formation/dissolution) and transport/deposition of dissoluted particles. The paper also presents the effect of asphaltene on the shift of relative permeability curve and the related oil recovery. Finally, the effect of CO2 injection rate is analyzed to demonstrate the effect of CO2 miscibility on oil recovery from a reservoir. The developed model is validated against the experimental data. The predicted results show that the reservoir temperature, its depth, concentration of asphaltene and rock properties have a significant effect on formation/dissolution and precipitation during CO2 injection. Results showed that deep oil and gas reservoirs are good candidates for CO2 sequestration compared to shallow reservoirs, due to increased temperatures that reduce the dissolution rate and lower the solid precipitation. However, asphaltene deposition reduced the oil recovery by 10%. Moreover, the sensitivity analysis of CO2 injection rates was performed to identify the effect of CO2 injection rate on reduced permeability in deep and high-temperature formations. It was found that increased CO2 injection rates and pressures enable us to reach miscibility pressure. Once this pressure is reached, there are less benefits of injecting CO2 at a higher rate for better pressure maintenance and no further diminution of residual oil.

Original languageBritish English
Article number7676
Issue number22
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2021


  • CO sequestration
  • Formation damage
  • Geochemical reactions
  • Oil recovery


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