Full-scale membrane distillation systems and performance improvement through modeling: A review

Badr Bin Ashoor, Adewale Giwa, Shadi Wajih Hasan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

16 Scopus citations


This chapter highlights the current advances of membrane distillation (MD) in full-scale implementations. It also covers the modeling aspects that are beneficial for the commercial assessment of MD systems. Therefore, the objective of this chapter is to present a review of the commercial and full-scale evaluation operations in recent MD plants through which the features of those operations are also discussed. Most of the commercial and full-scale MD facilities employ vacuum and air gap membrane distillation to avoid the loss of heat of conduction to the membrane resulting in reduced temperature-gradient driving force. The optimization of commercial MD operations through modeling is also proposed, by presenting a detailed overview of recent MD modeling and recommendations for dynamic modeling.

Original languageBritish English
Title of host publicationCurrent Trends and Future Developments on (Bio-) Membranes
Subtitle of host publicationMembrane Desalination Systems: The Next Generation
Number of pages36
ISBN (Electronic)9780128135518
ISBN (Print)9780128135525
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018


  • Commercial systems
  • Full-scale systems
  • Improvement
  • Membrane distillation
  • Modeling
  • Performance


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