Fuel composition effect on the electrostatically-driven atomization of bio-butanol containing engine fuel blends

Maria S. Agathou, Dimitrios C. Kyritsis

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19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Electrostatically assisted sprays of three fuel blends of bio-butanol, ethanol and heptane were studied experimentally. Mixture composition was selected such that electrical conductivity and surface tension were kept constant for all three mixtures. In this manner, the effect of fuel composition was investigated in a context that broadens the classical focus on the effective decrease of surface tension through the action of electrostatic fields. High-speed visualization was used in order to capture e-spray morphology. In addition, probability density functions of the e-spray droplet size and velocity were measured using Phase-Doppler Anemometry for a variety of flow rates and applied voltages. The dependence of droplet average diameter on both flow rate and applied electric field was highlighted. Polydisperse sprays were observed which was rationalized through the calculation of droplet Weber numbers that pointed to the possibility of a secondary droplet break-up.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)28-35
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume60
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012

Keywords

  • Bio-butanol
  • Bio-fuel blends
  • Electrospray
  • Engine applications

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