From plasma to plasmonics: toward sustainable and clean water production through membranes: Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering

F. Abuhatab, O. Khalifa, H. Al Araj, S.W. Hasan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The increasing demand for potable water is never-ending. Freshwater resources are scarce and stress is accumulating on other alternatives. Therefore, new technologies and novel optimization methods are developed for the existing processes. Membrane-based processes are among the most efficient methods for water treatment. Yet, membranes suffer from severe operational problems, namely fouling and temperature polarization. These effects can harm the membrane’s permeability, permeate recovery, and lifetime. To mitigate such effects, membranes can be treated through two techniques: plasma treatment (a surface modification technique), and treatment through the use of plasmonic materials (surface and bulk modification). This article showcases plasma- and plasmonic-based treatments in the context of water desalination/purification. It aims to offer a comprehensive review of the current developments in membrane-based water treatment technologies along with suggested directions to enhance its overall efficiency through careful selection of material and system design. Moreover, basic guidelines and strategies are outlined on the different membrane modification techniques to evaluate its prerequisites. Besides, we discuss the challenges and future developments about these membrane modification methods.[Figure not available: see fulltext.] © 2023, Higher Education Press.
Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)1809-1836
Number of pages28
JournalFront. Chem. Sci. Eng.
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2023


  • light-to-heat conversion
  • membrane-based process
  • plasma polymerization
  • plasma treatment
  • plasmonic
  • water treatment
  • Conversion efficiency
  • Desalination
  • Plasma applications
  • Plasma polymerization
  • Potable water
  • Water filtration
  • Water treatment
  • Clean waters
  • Fresh water resources
  • Heat conversions
  • Light-to-heat conversion
  • Membrane modification
  • Membrane-based process
  • Plasma treatment
  • Plasmonics
  • Sustainable water
  • Water production


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