From multi-segmented to core/shell nanorods: morphology evolution in Fe-Au nanorods by tuning fabrication conditions

Hafsa Khurshid, Rahana Yoosuf, Humaira Zafar, Supun B. Attanayake, Muhammad Azeem, Bashar A. Issa, Dalaver H. Anjum, Hariharan Srikanth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Aiming to obtain hybrid magneto-plasmonic nanostructures, we have developed multisegmented and core/shell structured Fe-Au nanorods using template assisted electrochemical deposition. A facile method of tuning the growth pattern of multisegmented nanorods into core/shell structured is demonstrated. With a precise control of current density and deposition time, a brick-stacked wire like growth led to the formation of hollow nanotubes that could be further tuned to multilayered hollow nanotubes and core/shell structured nanorods. TEM imaging and STEM-EELS technique were used to explore the morphology, microstructure and the distribution of Au and Fe in the nanorods. The easy magnetization direction was found to be perpendicular to the nanorods’ growth direction in the segmented nanorods. On the other hand, core/shell nanorods exhibited isotropic behavior. Our findings provide deeper insights into the fabrication of hybrid nanorods and the opportunity to tune the fabrication method to vary their morphology accordingly. Such studies will benefit design of hybrid nanorods with specific morphologies and physical properties and hence their integration into sensing, spintronics and other potential biomedical and technological applications.

Original languageBritish English
Article number185602
Issue number18
StatePublished - 30 Apr 2023


  • easy magnetization direction
  • electrochemical deposition
  • Fe-Au core/shell nanostructures
  • magneto-plasmonic nanorods


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