Four Anchor Repair of Jersey Finger

Adrian C. Kong, Alex Kitto, Dimas E. Pineda, Roberto A. Miki, Daniel T. Alfonso, Israel Alfonso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Various surgical techniques for treating avulsions of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon at the distal phalanx have been published but no ideal technique has emerged. We introduce a new all-internal 4-anchor flexor tendon repair technique and evaluate outcomes in three clinical cases. Methods: In this retrospective case series, we reviewed three patients that sustained an avulsion of the flexor digitorum profundus tendon at the distal phalanx. All patients were surgically treated with the four-anchor repair technique. Two titanium anchors were inserted into the distal phalanx and two all-suture anchors were inserted distal to the first set of anchors. The tendon was then attached to these four anchors using a Krackow stitch pattern and the anchors were sown to each other. Active flexion and extension of the proximal and distal interphalangeal joint were measured at 3-month, 12-month, and 5-year follow-up. Postoperative complications were documented. Results: All patients achieved excellent clinical outcomes according to assessment criteria. At 3-month follow-up, all patients regained full flexion; two patients had full extension, while one patient was 3 degrees short of full extension. At 12-month follow-up, all patients had full flexion and extension. Five-year follow-up demonstrated the same results with no loss of function, sensation or grip strength. The repairs healed without rupture, and no complications were reported. Conclusion: The 4-anchor flexor tendon repair is a viable surgical technique for zone 1 flexor digitorum profundus tendon repair or reconstruction. Further studies are needed to replicate these promising results and biomechanically validate this technique.Level of Evidence: IV.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)95-100
Number of pages6
JournalThe Iowa orthopaedic journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2021


  • bone anchor repair
  • flexor digitorum profundus
  • jersey finger
  • surgical technique
  • zone 1


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