Flexible SiC-CNTs hybrid fiber mats for tunable and broadband microwave absorption

Yani Zhang, Yijing Zhao, Qi Chen, Yi Hou, Qing Zhang, Laifei Cheng, Lianxi Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Flexible microwave absorbers with high stability are in increasing demand for the applications under harsh conditions. SiC as a functional ceramic material has the feature of high environmental tolerance and adjustable electromagnetic (EM) absorbing properties, making them suitable to be applied for harsh environments. However, the electrical property of SiC requires to be further enhanced to obtain qualified EM absorbing performance. In this work, multiwall carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were introduced to SiC to enhance the electrical properties. Flexible two-dimensional (2D) CNTs loaded SiC fiber mats were prepared as EM absorbers via electrospinning and polymer-derived-ceramic (PDC) methods. The CNTs inside the fibers can form conductive networks and act as reinforcement to ensure high flexibility and enhance the microwave absorption properties of SiC mats. Thus, a reflection loss of −61 dB and an effective absorption band (EAB) of 2.9 GHz were obtained. More importantly, the EM absorption can be adjusted by tuning the content of CNTs and the EAB can cover the entire X-band by adjusting the material thickness. The work provided a facile strategy to fabricated flexible 2D ceramic mats with high environmental stability and tunable electrical properties, which may shed light on the production of reliable EM absorber for broadband EM absorption applications.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)8123-8132
Number of pages10
JournalCeramics International
Volume47
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • Electrospinning
  • Flexible ceramic
  • Microwave absorption
  • Polymer-derived ceramic

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