Fine structure and fractional M/N Aharonov-Bohm effect

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We find a fine structure in the Aharonov-Bohm effect, which is characterized by the appearance of a type of periodic oscillation having a smaller fractional period. The effect is illustrated with the aid of a solution of the Bethe ansatz equations for N electrons located on a Hubbard ring in a magnetic field. Specifically, we found that at low density or strong coupling on a Hubbard ring in a magnetic field oscillations with three different periods occur. Along with the conventional Aharonov-Bohm oscillations with the period equal to 1, two additional oscillations with periods equal to 1/N and M/N coexist, where M is the number of down-spin particles and the periods are measured in units of the elementary flux quantum 0=h/e. The fine structure is due to electron-electron and Zeeman interactions. When M=N/2 there is a coexistence of the fractional 1/N and half-flux quantum periodic oscillations only. With increasing magnetic field, with the spin flips created due to Zeeman interaction, the half-flux quantum period transforms to the integer one. This transformation is not continuous but via the appearance of the fractional M/N oscillations. We discuss the relation of the described fine structure and the M/N effect to existing experiments on single and on arrays of rings, where integer and half-flux quantum periods are, respectively, observed.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)14445-14456
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number20
StatePublished - 1995


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