Fiber optic load cells with enhanced sensitivity by optical vernier effect

Tiago Paixão, Ricardo Ferreira, M. Fátima Domingues, Paulo Antunes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Developing technologies capable of constantly assessing and optimizing day-to-day activities has been a research priority for several years. A key factor in such technologies is the use of highly sensitive sensors to monitor in real-time numerous parameters, such as temperature and load. Due to their unique features, optical fiber sensors became one of the most interesting and viable solutions for applications dependent on those parameters. In this work, we present an optical fiber load sensor, called load cell, based on Fabry–Pérot hollow cavities embedded in a polymeric material. By using the load cells in a parallel configuration with a non-embedded hollow cavity, the optical Vernier effect was generated, allowing maximum sensitivity values of 0.433 nm N−1 and 0.66 nm °C−1 to be attained for vertical load and temperature, respectively. The proposed sensor’s performance, allied with the proposed configuration, makes it a viable and suitable device for a wide range of applications, namely those requiring high thermal and load sensitivities.

Original languageBritish English
Article number7737
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Issue number22
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2021


  • Fabry–Pérot interferometer
  • Load sensing
  • Optical fiber sensors
  • Optical Vernier effect


Dive into the research topics of 'Fiber optic load cells with enhanced sensitivity by optical vernier effect'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this