Fe3O4 MNPs and gum xanthan based hydrogels nanocomposites for the efficient capture of malachite green from aqueous solution

H. Mittal, V. Parashar, S. B. Mishra, A. K. Mishra

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    138 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Herein we report effective removal of malachite green (MG) from aqueous solution using gum xanthan (Gx)/Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) filled hydrogel nanocomposites. Gx-cl-P(AA-co-AAm)/Fe3O4 hydrogel nanocomposite was fabricated via incorporating Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles within the polymer matrix of the hydrogel of gum xanthan with co-polymer mixture of poly(acrylic acid-co-acrylamide). Maximum adsorption was observed in the solution of neutral pH with 0.2g/L of Gx-cl-P(AA-co-AAm)/Fe3O4 hydrogel nanocomposite. Adsorption isotherm data was fitted with using five isotherm models like Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin, Flory-Huggins and Dubinin-Kaganer-Radushkevich isothermal models and adsorption process was found to follow Langmuir isotherm model with maximum adsorption efficiency of 497.15mg/g. Different adsorption kinetics models like pseudo first order, pseudo second order, Elovich, liquid particle diffusion and intra-particle diffusion models were applied to study the mechanism of adsorption. Moreover, adsorption kinetics data fitted well with pseudo second order rate model. Furthermore, thermodynamic studies demonstrate that adsorption process was endothermic and spontaneous. Moreover, adsorption-desorption studies suggests that Gx-cl-P(AA-co-AAm)/Fe3O4 hydrogel nanocomposite can be repeatedly used for the adsorption of MG.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)471-482
    Number of pages12
    JournalChemical Engineering Journal
    Volume255
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1 Nov 2014

    Keywords

    • Adsorption isotherm
    • Adsorption kinetics
    • Gum xanthan
    • Hydrogel nanocomposite
    • Malachite green

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