Facile synthesis of PVP-MnO2/CNT composites as ORR electrocatalyst for an air-cathode microbial fuel cell

Huei Ruey Ong, Chee Wai Woon, Muhammad Sheraz Ahmad, Abu Yousuf, Chin Kui Cheng, Md Maksudur Rahman Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The cathodic oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) is an influential step in fuel cells for the electrochemical energy conversion. Here we synthesized Polyvinylpyrrolidone incorporated carbon nanotube supported manganese dioxide (PVP-MnO2/CNT) composite and used as ORR electrocatalyst for air-cathode microbial fuel cell (MFC). The physical and electrochemical characterization of PVP-MnO2/CNT were performed by using Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), X-ray Diffraction analysis (XRD), Cyclic Voltammetry (CV) and Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy (EIS). The electrochemical characterization results showed that the PVP-MnO2/CNT possessed the higher ORR catalytic activity with lower charge transfer resistance compared to MnO2 and MnO2/CNT. The performance of the electrocatalysts as cathode was evaluated in air-cathode MFC and it was found that the MFC with MnO2-PVP/CNT electrocatalyst generated a maximum power density of 1365.30 mW/m3, which was higher than that of MFCs with MnO2/CNT catalyst (1083.98 mW/m3), MnO2 (540.91 mW/m3) and CNT (438.47 mW/m3). Therefore, the viable synthetic strategy and proposed application of PVP-MnO2/CNT will broaden up the reality of MFC for power generation.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)7789-7799
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Electrochemical Science
Volume13
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • Electrocatayst
  • Microbial fuel cell
  • Oxygen reduction reaction
  • PVP-MnO/CNT

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