Fabrication of photocatalyst based on Eu3+-doped ZnS-SiO2 and sodium alginate core shell nanocomposite

E. S. Agorku, H. Mittal, B. B. Mamba, A. C. Pandey, A. K. Mishra

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    Abstract

    This research paper reports the photocatalytic properties of Zn-SiO2-Eu3+ and sodium alginate (Alg) based nanocomposites for the degradation of indigo carmine dye. Initially, Eu3+ doped ZnS-SiO2 nanophorphor was synthesized and after that it was incorporated within the grafted crosslinked polymer matrix of Alg with acrylamide-co-acrylic acid in different concentrations. Synthesized materials were characterized using XRD, Raman spectroscopy, FTIR, SEM/EDX, TEM and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy. XRD and TEM analyses confirmed the formation of nanoparticles as well as the uniform distribution of the nanoparticles within the polymer matrix. The UV-vis and UV-vis DRS spectral analysis indicated that Eu3+ doping causes a red-shift in the absorption band, resulting in the reduction in band gaps. The synergic effect of ZnS and Eu3+ in the SiO2 evidenced the photocatalytic performance of the catalyst. Alg-cl-poly(AAM-co-MAA)/ZnS-SiO2-Eu3+ nanocomposites were found to be very effective for the degradation of indigo carmine under visible light. Highest photocatalytic performance (93.4%) was shown by the nanocomposite with the 20% concentration of the nanoparticle after 5h. The photocatalytic activity was mainly attributed to the intense light absorption in the visible region and narrow band gap energy.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)143-149
    Number of pages7
    JournalInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules
    Volume70
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 2014

    Keywords

    • Crosslinking
    • Graft copolymerization
    • Hydrogel
    • Indigo carmine
    • Photocatalysis

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