Fabrication of Pd/MnFe2O4 bifunctional 2-D nanosheets to enhance the yield of HCOOH from CO2 cathodic reduction paired with anodic oxidation to CH3OH

G. Bharath, Abdul Hai, K. Rambabu, Parashuram Kallem, Mohammad Abu Haija, Fawzi Banat, Jayaraman Theerthagiri, Myong Yong Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

Highly active and stabilized bifunctional electrocatalysts contributed to the reduction of hazardous atmospheric pollutants through paired electrochemical reactions. Herein, spherical-like Pd nanoparticles were successfully grown on two-dimensional MnFe2O4 nanosheets (2-D Pd/MnFe2O4 NSs) via microwave irradiation and tested in an electrochemical cell as dual-functional hybrid electrode material. Several characterization techniques were used to determine the morphological, structural and chemical properties of the as-prepared bifunctional Pd/MnFe2O4 electrocatalysts. The 2-D Pd/MnFe2O4 NSs exhibited a higher specific surface area of 390 m2 g−1 with a pore volume of 0. 327 cm3 g−1, resulted in a high CO2 reduction activity (CO2 RR) towards the desired production of formic acid. The HCOOH yield was optimized by varying the cell potential, electrolyzer reaction time, and electrolyte concentration. The maximum yield of HCOOH was found to be 476 μmol h−1 cm−2 with a Faradic efficiency of (FE) 96.9%. Furthermore, CO2 RR was coupled with CH3OH oxidation reaction (CH3OH OR) to evaluate the paired electrochemical activity of the bifunctional Pd/MnFe2O4 electrocatalysts. The results showed that Pd/MnFe2O4 had a high production rate of HCOOH of about 625 µmol h−1 cm−2 with FE of 97.5% at −1.0 V vs. RHE in optimized electrolyzer concentrations. During CH3OH OR, many H+ and e were formed, which is the key to increasing HCOOH yield through the paired electrolyzer. The mechanism of the paired electrochemical reaction was also described in detail. This study showed that integrated future bifunctional fuel cells utilizing CH3OH combined with CO2 reduction strategies, could achieve zero gas exhaust emission and sustainably produce high value-added chemicals.

Original languageBritish English
Article number122619
JournalFuel
Volume311
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Bifunctional electrodes
  • CHOH oxidation
  • CO reduction
  • Ferrites
  • Formic acid
  • Fuel cell

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