Fabrication and characterization of recyclable carbon nanotube/polyvinyl butyral composite fiber

Yuanqing Li, Ting Yu, Tzesian Pui, Peng Chen, Lianxi Zheng, Kin Liao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

A surface-draw method to fabricate recyclable carbon nanotube/polyvinyl butyral (CNT/PVB) composite fibers is reported. This method is effective for both single-walled carbon nanotube (SWCNT) and multi-walled carbon nanotube. The CNT mass content of CNT/PVB composite fibers can vary from 0 to 80wt.%, which is higher than most CNT/polymer composites reported to date. The diameter of the composite fibers can be controlled in the range of 10-100μm, with essentially unlimited draw length. The composite fibers with 7.4wt.% SWCNTs showed optimal tensile properties. Compared with pure PVB fibers, the tensile strength, failure strain, and elastic modulus of the composite fiber have improved about 127%, 27%, and 73%, respectively. In addition, SWCNT/PVB composites with 66.7wt.% SWCNTs have the highest conductivity of 42.9Sm-1. More importantly, the major benefit is the " greenness" of the method, which involves environment friendly ethanol-water solvent with no functionalization of the nanotube required, and only simple apparatus are needed. The CNT/PVB composite fibers obtained can be dissolved in ethanol solution and reformed with the surface draw method without any additional treatment; and the material properties after recycle is comparable to those fabricated in the first round.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)1665-1670
Number of pages6
JournalComposites Science and Technology
Volume71
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Sep 2011

Keywords

  • A. Carbon nanotubes
  • A. Fibers
  • A. Nanocomposites
  • Recycable

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