Eye-tracking sensors for adaptive aerospace human-machine interfaces and interactions

Yixiang Lim, Alessandro Gardi, Neta Ezer, Trevor Kistan, Roberto Sabatini

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Whereas current aerospace Human-Machine Interfaces and Interactions (HMI2) are mostly static in their behaviour/appearance and require direct input from human operators, innovative HMI2 concepts are being proposed which allow for multimodal interactions or sense the functional state of human operators and dynamically adapt the level of automation. In particular, to facilitate trust between the human and machine, such systems need sensors that can reliably detect changes in the operator state. However, a number of environmental factors can affect the sensor's accuracy and precision. When used together with other novel sensors, eye tracking hasa significant potential to enhance the adaptiveness of aerospace HMI2. This paper presents the activities carried out to quantify the uncertainty associated with eye tracking equipment available in the Avionics and Air Traffic Management (ATM) systems laboratory of RMIT University, whichis being used to support the development of Cognitive HMI2. The presented methodology is used to characterise its measurement uncertainty based on a number of considerations, including the calibration error as well as gaze angle in static and dynamic conditions. The uncertainty associated with the eye tracker is used for error budgeting of a Cognitive HMI2 system which employs fuzzy logics to infer operator cognitive states based on eye tracking inputs.

Original languageBritish English
Title of host publication5th IEEE International Workshop on Metrology for AeroSpace, MetroAeroSpace 2018 - Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages311-316
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781538624746
DOIs
StatePublished - 31 Aug 2018
Event5th IEEE International Workshop on Metrology for AeroSpace, MetroAeroSpace 2018 - Rome, Italy
Duration: 20 Jun 201822 Jun 2018

Publication series

Name5th IEEE International Workshop on Metrology for AeroSpace, MetroAeroSpace 2018 - Proceedings

Conference

Conference5th IEEE International Workshop on Metrology for AeroSpace, MetroAeroSpace 2018
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityRome
Period20/06/1822/06/18

Keywords

  • Eye tracking
  • Human Factors Engineering
  • Human-Machine Interfaces and Interactions (HMI2)
  • Uncertainty analysis

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