Extraction of fucoxanthin from Chaetoceros calcitrans by electropermeabilization-assisted liquid biphasic flotation system

Kuan Shiong Khoo, Chien Wei Ooi, Kit Wayne Chew, Shir Reen Chia, Su Chern Foo, Hui Suan Ng, Pau Loke Show

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13 Scopus citations


Electropermeabilization-assisted liquid biphasic flotation (LBF) system is an emerging extraction system facilitated by the adsorptive bubble separation and the electroporation in an aqueous two-phase medium. This integrative extraction system is well suited for the direct recovery of intracellular biocompounds from cells without the needs of discrete steps of mid- or down-stream bioprocessing. The potential of electropermeabilization-assisted LBF system in bioseparation was demonstrated in this study by using the diatom Chaetoceros calcitrans (C. calcitrans) as the source of fucoxanthin, which is a promising antioxidant highly demanded by food and pharmaceutical industries. The extraction performances of LBF and electropermeabilization-assisted LBF system were comprehensively evaluated under the optimal operating conditions. Comparatively, the optimized LBF and electropermeabilization-assisted LBF systems achieved the satisfactory yields of fucoxanthin, i.e., 14.78 mg/g and 16.09 mg/g, respectively. The good recovery of fucoxanthin using electropermeabilization-assisted LBF system could be attributed to the higher release of fucoxanthin from the electrotreated C. calcitrans, allowing a higher partition of fucoxanthin to the top phase of LBF system (236.72 as compared to 152.15 from LBF system). In addition, the fucoxanthin extracted suing both methods exhibit satisfactory antioxidant activities. The application of electropermeabilization-assisted LBF system in the extraction of fucoxanthin is a greener and highly efficient bioprocessing route which can be prospectively extended to other biocompound extraction from microalgal sources.

Original languageBritish English
Article number462915
JournalJournal of Chromatography A
StatePublished - 12 Apr 2022


  • Chaetoceros calcitrans
  • Electropermeabilization-assisted
  • Extraction
  • Fucoxanthin
  • Liquid biphasic flotation


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