Experimental-stochastic investigation of the combustion cyclic variability in HSDI diesel engine using ethanol-diesel fuel blends

D. C. Rakopoulos, C. D. Rakopoulos, E. G. Giakoumis, R. G. Papagiannakis, D. C. Kyritsis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations


An experimental investigation is conducted to evaluate the combustion characteristics of a fully instrumented, high-speed, direct injection (HSDI), standard 'Hydra' diesel engine, at various loads when using ethanol-diesel fuel blends up to 15% by vol. ethanol. In each test, combustion chamber and fuel injection pressure diagrams of many consecutive cycles were obtained using a specially developed, high-speed, data acquisition and processing system. Following a performance and exhaust emissions investigation and a heat release analysis of the measured cylinder pressure diagrams reported by the authors, the present work focuses on the cycle-by-cycle combustion variation (cyclic variability) as reflected in the pressure indicator diagrams, by analyzing for the maximum pressure, maximum pressure rate, (gross) indicated mean effective pressure, and dynamic injection timing and ignition delay. These parameters were analyzed using stochastic analysis techniques for averages, standard deviations, coefficients of variation, probability density functions, auto-correlations, power spectra and cross-correlation coefficients. Thus, any cause and effect relationship between cyclic pressure variations and the injection system or the kind of fuel used can be revealed, given the concern for the low cetane number of ethanol blends promoting cyclic variability that can lead to degraded performance and emissions characteristics.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)1478-1491
Number of pages14
Issue number8-9
StatePublished - Jul 2008


  • Combustion
  • Cyclic variability
  • Diesel engine
  • Ethanol-diesel blends
  • Stochastic analysis


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