Experimental and numerical study of the propagation of focused wave groups in the nearshore zone

Iskander Abroug, Nizar Abcha, Denys Dutykh, Armelle Jarno, François Marin

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The propagation of focused wave groups in intermediate water depth and the shoaling zone is experimentally and numerically considered in this paper. The experiments are carried out in a two-dimensional wave flume and wave trains derived from Pierson-Moskowitz and JONSWAP spectrum are generated. The peak frequency does not change during the wave train propagation for Pierson-Moskowitz waves; however, a downshift of this peak is observed for JONSWAP waves. An energy partitioning is performed in order to track the spatial evolution of energy. Four energy regions are defined for each spectrum type. A nonlinear energy transfer between different spectral regions as the wave train propagates is demonstrated and quantified. Numerical simulations are conducted using a modified Boussinesq model for long waves in shallow waters of varying depth. Experimental results are in satisfactory agreement with numerical predictions, especially in the case of wave trains derived from JONSWAP spectrum.

Original languageBritish English
Article number126144
JournalPhysics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics
Issue number6
StatePublished - 28 Feb 2020


  • Focused wave groups
  • Frequency spectrum
  • mPeregrine system
  • Nonlinear transfer
  • Pierson-Moskowitz


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