Experimental and numerical characterization of titanium-based fibre metal laminates

Nassier A. Nassir, R. S. Birch, W. J. Cantwell, D. Rico Sierra, S. P. Edwardson, G. Dearden, Z. W. Guan

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The effect of applying a laser surface treatment to the metal plies in a fibre metal laminate (FML) based on a titanium alloy and a fibre reinforced composite has been evaluated and the response compared to that measured on a comparable untreated laminate. It has been shown that applying a laser fluence of 4.54 J/cm2 to the titanium layers in the FML results in a good bond strength between the titanium foil and the glass fibre/PEKK composite. The response of the FMLs under dynamic loading was studied and compared with that measured at quasi-static rates. It has been shown that FMLs based on a titanium alloy exhibit a rate-sensitivity, both in terms of energy absorption and the maximum impact force. An examination of cross-sections removed from samples following testing at dynamic and quasi-static loading rates indicated that the FMLs absorbed energy through plastic deformation, tearing of the metal layers, delamination and fibre fracture. Finite element models were then developed to simulate the response of the FMLs under impact loading. The simulated results were validated against the corresponding experimental data by comparing both the load–displacement traces as well as the resulting failure modes, with good agreement being observed in most cases.

Original languageBritish English
Article number112398
JournalComposite Structures
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2020


  • Fibre metal laminates
  • Finite element
  • Impact
  • Laser treatment
  • Poly-ether-ketone-ketone (PEKK)
  • Titanium alloy


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