Experimental and computational studies on hydroxamic acids as environmental friendly chelating corrosion inhibitors for mild steel in aqueous acidic medium

Dakeshwar Kumar Verma, Akram Al Fantazi, Chandrabhan Verma, Fahmida Khan, Ashish Asatkar, Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain, Eno E. Ebenso

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42 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the present study, three hydroxamic acids (HAs) namely acetohydroxamic acid (AHA), benzohydroxamic acid (BHA) and oxalohydroxamic acid (OHA) were synthesized, characterized and used as inhibitors for mild steel corrosion in1 M HCl using chemical, electrochemical, surface and computational methods. Results of the studies show that the HAs act as effective corrosion inhibitors and their inhibition efficiencies follow the order: OHA (96.37%) > BHA (95.69%) > AHA (93.29%). EIS study showed that studied HAs act as interface type inhibitors. Polarization study revealed that HAs demonstrate mixed-type corrosion inhibitors characteristics and adsorb on the active sites of metallic surface. Adsorption of HAs on metal-1 M HCl interfaces followed the Langmuir adsorption isotherm model. Surface morphological analyses of inhibited and uninhibited metallic surface were carried out using SEM-EDX and XRD methods. DFT analyses showed that studied compounds act as chelating type of ligands. Effect of Keto-enol tautomerism and different possible conformational isomers on metallic corrosion inhibition was demonstrated. The conformational isomers in which >C=O and –OH (hydroxyl) groups present in same side behave as chelating ligands and form relatively more stable complex than that of conformational isomers in which >C=O and –OH groups present in opposite side. Experimental and DFT studies complimented each other well.

Original languageBritish English
Article number113651
JournalJournal of Molecular Liquids
Volume314
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Chelating corrosion inhibitors
  • Conformational isomers
  • Hydroxamic acid
  • Langmuir adsorption isotherm
  • Tautomers as corrosion inhibitors

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