Evaluation of CO2 purification requirements and the selection of processes for impurities deep removal from the CO2 product stream

Zeina Abbas, Toufic Mezher, Mohammad Abu Zahra

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Depending on the reference power plant, the type of fuel and the capture method used, the CO2 product stream contains several impurities which may have a negative impact on pipeline transportation, geological storage and/or Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) applications. All negative impacts require setting stringent quality standards for each application and purifying the CO2 stream prior to exposing it to any of these applications. In this paper, the CO2 stream specifications and impurities from the conventional post-combustion capture technology are assessed. Furthermore, the CO2 restricted purification requirements for pipeline transportation, EOR and geological storage are evaluated. Upon the comparison of the levels of impurities present in the CO2 stream and their restricted targets, it was found that the two major impurities which entail deep removal, due to operational concerns, are oxygen and water from 300 ppmv to 10 ppmv and 7.3% to 50 ppmv respectively. Moreover, a list of plausible technologies for oxygen and water removal is explored after which the selection of the most promising technologies is made. It was found that catalytic oxidation of hydrogen and refrigeration and condensation are the most promising technologies for oxygen and water removal respectively.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)2389-2396
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy Procedia
Volume37
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013
Event11th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, GHGT 2012 - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: 18 Nov 201222 Nov 2012

Keywords

  • Impurities
  • Purification technologies

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