Enhanced reversible redox activity of hemin on cellulose microfiber integrated reduced graphene oxide for H2O2 biosensor applications

Selvakumar Palanisamy, Vijayalakshmi Velusamy, Shih Wen Chen, Thomas C.K. Yang, Sridharan Balu, Craig E. Banks

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    33 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    In recent years, the carbohydrate polymers incorporated composite materials have shown significant interest in the bioanalytical chemistry due to their enhanced catalytic performances of various enzymes or mimics. This paper reports the fabrication of novel H2O2 biosensor using a hemin immobilized reduced graphene oxide-cellulose microfiber composite (hemin/RGO-CMF). The RGO-CMF composite was prepared by the reduction of GO-CMF composite using vitamin C as a reducing agent. Various physio-chemical methods have applied for the characterization of RGO-CMF composite. Cyclic voltammetry results revealed that the hemin/RGO-CMF composite shows a better redox electrochemical behavior than hemin/RGO and hemin/GO-CMF. Under optimized conditions, the hemin/RGO-CMF composite exhibit a linear response to H2O2 in the concentration range from 0.06 to 540.6 μM with the lower detection limit of 16 nM. The sensor also can able to detect the H2O2 in commercial contact lens solution and milk samples with functional recovery, which authenticates the potential ability in practical sensors.

    Original languageBritish English
    Pages (from-to)152-160
    Number of pages9
    JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
    Volume204
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 15 Jan 2019

    Keywords

    • Cellulose microfibers
    • HO biosensor
    • Hemin
    • Peroxidase mimic
    • Redox electrochemistry
    • Reduced graphene oxide

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