Enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen evolution over graphitic carbon nitride modified with Ti-activated mesoporous silica

Shaohua Shen, Daming Zhao, Jie Chen, Liejin Guo, Samuel S. Mao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, it was demonstrated that the visible light photocatalytic hydrogen evolution performance of g-C3N4 could be enhanced when g-C3N4 was loaded onto the MCM-41 mesoporous silica, and the photocatalytic activity of obtained MCM-41/g-C3N4 was 1.2 times as high as that of pure g-C3N4. This is mainly because the high dispersion of g-C3N4 on MCM-41 leads to the improved separation efficiency of electrons and holes photoexcited in g-C3N4. By introducing Ti into the MCM-41 framework structure to create [Ti4+-O2-] active centers, the visible light driven photocatalytic activity of the obtained Ti-MCM-41/g-C3N4 was further increased, with hydrogen production rate reaching 80.76 μmol h-1 g-1, which was 1.6 times as high as that of pure g-C3N4. In the Ti-MCM-41/g-C3N4 composite photocatalysts, the photo-generated electrons in the conduction band of g-C3N4 can be easily transferred to the [Ti4+-O2-] active centers in Ti-MCM-41 framework, hence, the separation efficiency of the photo-generated charge carriers was further improved, achieving higher photocatalytic activity of Ti-MCM-41/g-C3N4 than MCM-41/g-C3N4 as well as pure g-C3N4.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)111-117
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Catalysis A: General
Volume521
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Jul 2016

Keywords

  • Active centers
  • g-CN
  • Photocatalytic hydrogen production
  • Ti-MCM-41

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