Enhanced Biohydrogen Production from Citrus Wastewater Using Anaerobic Sludge Pretreated by an Electroporation Technique

Ahasanul Karim, M. Amirul Islam, Che Ku Mohammad Faizal, Abu Yousuf, Martin Howarth, Bipro Nath Dubey, Chin Kui Cheng, Md Maksudur Rahman Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


In the present study, the applicability of electroporation (EP) has been investigated as a pretreatment method for enriching hydrogen producers and eliminating hydrogen consumers in anaerobic sludge (AS). Citrus wastewater was used as a feed source for biohydrogen production. Different treatment intensities (TI) of EP for 0.5 min (TI = 30 kWh/m 3 ), 1 min (TI = 60 kWh/m 3 ), and 2 min (TI = 120 kWh/m 3 ) were employed to observe the effects of EP on the microbial community of AS. Furthermore, sonication with a probe, sonication in a bath, and heat-shock pretreatments were also conducted to compare the hydrogen yield with EP. The cell inactivation was evaluated and visualized using colony-forming units (CFU) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), respectively. Among the different TIs, the TI of 60 kWh/m 3 achieved higher methanogen inactivation with maximum hydrogen (896 mL) production compared to other EP pretreatments after 180 h of dark fermentation. In comparison with other pretreatments, the highest hydrogen production of 896 mL was achieved with EP treatment, followed by sonication with a probe (678 mL) and sonication in a bath (563 mL). The heat-shock pretreatment exhibited the lowest ultimate hydrogen production of 545 mL among the four different methods applied in this study. The outcome of this study suggests that EP is a promising technique for pretreating mixed cultures for the enhanced production of biohydrogen.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)573-580
Number of pages8
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - 16 Jan 2019


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