Energy, exergy and economic analysis of an integrated solid oxide fuel cell – gas turbine – organic Rankine power generation system

Valerie Eveloy, Wirinya Karunkeyoon, Peter Rodgers, Ali Al Alili

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

152 Scopus citations

Abstract

To improve on-site power generation capacity and efficiency in energy-intensive process plants, the indirect integration of a standard gas turbine cycle with an internal reforming solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) system and bottoming organic Rankine cycle (ORC) is investigated thermodynamically and economically. Among six ORC working fluids, namely toluene, benzene, cyclohexane, cyclopentane, R123 and R245fa, toluene is found to offer the best thermodynamic performance at favorable system size indicators. Using this fluid, the SOFC-GT-ORC system would enhance power generation capacity by a factor of three relative to the base gas turbine cycle, at energy and exergy efficiencies of approximately 64% and 62%, respectively. This represents efficiency improvements of approximately 34% compared with the base GT cycle, and of 6% relative to the hybrid SOFC-GT sub-system. The avoided purchase of natural gas and environmental emissions could generate net annual operating cost savings of five to nine million USD based on standard associated and sour gas prices, respectively, and would become profitable within three to six years, respectively.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)13843-13858
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume41
Issue number31
DOIs
StatePublished - 17 Aug 2016

Keywords

  • Economic
  • Exergy
  • Gas turbine
  • Organic Rankine cycle
  • Solid oxide fuel cell
  • Waste heat

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