EMI Filter Robustness in Three-Level Active Neutral-Point-Clamped Inverter

Zhan Shen, Mengxing Chen, Huai Wang, Xiongfei Wang, Frede Blaabjerg

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    6 Scopus citations


    The electromagnetic interference (EMI) filter is a critical component for power electronics to conform with the EMI standards, ensuring electromagnetic compatibility and a safe operating environment. Yet, its attenuation capability can shift during the long-term operating period due to the passive components' degradation. A poorly designed EMI filter may fail to meet the standards' specifications and affect the robustness, leading to the converter level fault and even failure. This article proposes a robustness assessment procedure of an EMI filter for a three-level active neutral-point-clamped (3L-ANPC) inverter. The mission profile is used to emulate the operating environment. The nonlinear degradations of film capacitors and nanocrystalline core chokes are modeled. Furthermore, the Monte-Carlo-based robustness assessment procedure is presented. It considers the uncertainties of model parameters and uses the filter attenuation capability as the failure criteria. Finally, an EMI filter for a 15-kW 3L-ANPC inverter is used as the demonstration and experimental verification of the evaluation procedure. The B10 lifetime of the EMI filter is obtained, which serves as a first step of the inverter-system-level EMI robustness evaluation and feedback for the robustness-oriented EMI filter design.

    Original languageBritish English
    JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Electronics
    Issue number4
    StatePublished - 1 Apr 2022


    • Common-mode (CM) choke
    • electromagnetic interference (EMI) filter
    • power loss
    • reliability
    • three-level active neutral-point-clamped (3L-ANPC) inverter


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