Emerging Biopolymer-Based Bioadhesives

Jinghang Li, Xin Yu, Eduardo Enciso Martinez, Jiaqing Zhu, Ting Wang, Shengwei Shi, Su Ryon Shin, Shabir Hassan, Chengchen Guo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


Bioadhesives have been widely used in healthcare and biomedical applications due to their ease-of-operation for wound closure and repair compared to conventional suturing and stapling. However, several challenges remain for developing ideal bioadhesives, such as unsatisfied mechanical properties, non-tunable biodegradability, and limited biological functions. Considering these concerns, naturally derived biopolymers have been considered good candidates for making bioadhesives owing to their ready availability, facile modification, tunable mechanical properties, and desired biocompatibility and biodegradability. Over the past several years, remarkable progress has been made on biopolymer-based adhesives, covering topics from novel materials designs and advanced processing to clinical translation. The developed bioadhesives have been applied for diverse applications, including tissue adhesion, hemostasis, antimicrobial, wound repair/tissue regeneration, and skin-interfaced bioelectronics. Here in this comprehensive review, recent progress on biopolymer-based bioadhesives is summarized with focuses on clinical translations and multifunctional bioadhesives. Furthermore, challenges and opportunities such as weak adhesion strength at the hydrated state, mechanical mismatch with tissues, and unfavorable immune responses are discussed with an aim to facilitate the future development of high-performance biopolymer-based bioadhesives.

Original languageBritish English
Article number2100340
JournalMacromolecular Bioscience
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2022


  • bioadhesives
  • biopolymers
  • clinical translations
  • healthcare


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