Electromagnetic pulse compression and energy localization in quantum plasmas

Gareth Hefferon, Ashutosh Sharma, Ioannis Kourakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The evolution of the intensity of a relativistic laser beam propagating through a dense quantum plasma is investigated, by considering different plasma regimes. A cold quantum fluid plasma and then a thermal quantum description(s) is (are) adopted, in comparison with the classical case of reference. Considering a Gaussian beam cross-section, we investigate both the longitudinal compression and lateral/longitudinal localization of the intensity of a finite-radius electromagnetic pulse. By employing a quantum plasma fluid model in combination with Maxwell's equations, we rely on earlier results on the quantum dielectric response, to model beam-plasma interaction. We present an extensive parametric investigation of the dependence of the longitudinal pulse compression mechanism on the electron density in cold quantum plasmas, and also study the role of the Fermi temperature in thermal quantum plasmas. Our numerical results show pulse localization through a series of successive compression cycles, as the pulse propagates through the plasma. A pulse of 100 fs propagating through cold quantum plasma is compressed to a temporal size of ∼1.35 attosecond and a spatial size of ∼1.0810-3cm. Incorporating Fermi pressure via a thermal quantum plasma model is shown to enhance localization effects. A 100 fs pulse propagating through quantum plasma with a Fermi temperature of 350K is compressed to a temporal size of ∼0.6 attosecond and a spatial size of ∼2.410-3 m.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)4336-4342
Number of pages7
JournalPhysics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics
Issue number42
StatePublished - 20 Sep 2010


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