Electrically Switchable Diffraction Grating Using a Hybrid Liquid Crystal and Carbon Nanotube-Based Nanophotonic Device

Kanghee Won, Ananta Palani, Haider Butt, Philip J.W. Hands, Ranjith Rajeskharan, Qing Dai, Ammar Ahmed Khan, Gehan A.J. Amaratunga, Harry J. Coles, Timothy D. Wilkinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations

Abstract

A hybrid liquid crystal and carbon nanotube-based device which shows the capacity to perform as a switchable diffraction grating is demonstrated. A liquid crystal layer was sandwiched between two electrodes (patterned into gratings). The bottom electrode consists of a two dimensional square array of carbon nanotubes, while the top electrode comprises an ITO-based in-plane switching electrode on glass. The carbon nanotubes, due to their high aspect ratios, produce defects within the liquid crystal layer, producing a two dimensional grating. The device displays distinct voltage-dependent diffraction patterns due to the two different electrodes. The diffraction patterns are studied both computationally and experimentally, with good agreement between the results obtained. Both the diffraction pattern and efficiency from the device could be switched by varying the applied voltage across the liquid crystal layer.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)368-373
Number of pages6
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
Volume1
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Diffraction gratings
  • Electrically switchable
  • In-plane switching
  • Liquid crystals

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