Electrical conductivity and density of CoSO4/H2SO4 solutions in the range of modern cobalt electrowinning electrolytes

C. Kargl-Simard, J. H. Huang, A. M. Alfantazi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

In order to optimize the current efficiency and power consumption of cobalt electrowinning, the electrical conductivity of the electrolyte needs to be known. Electrical conductivity depends directly on various variables including the chemical composition and acidity of the electrolyte. This study was carried out to determine the electrical conductivity and density of cobalt sulfate electrolyte with varying levels of cobalt and sulfuric acid, measured at different temperatures. The experiment conditions selected in this study simulated the range of modern industrial cobalt electrowinning electrolytes. From the experimental data, models were deduced, correlating temperature, cobalt concentration and sulfuric acid concentration to the electrical conductivity and density of the cobalt sulfate electrolyte. The models were developed using empirical formulas, which allowed for reasonable extrapolation, to produce a tool to study the major trends of the electrical conductivity and density. From these models, suggestions could be made to enhance the electrowinning process via increased current efficiency and decreased power consumption.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)529-535
Number of pages7
JournalMinerals Engineering
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2003

Keywords

  • Electrorefining
  • Electrowinning
  • Hydrometallurgy
  • Modelling

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