Effect of torrefaction and fractional condensation on the quality of bio-oil from biomass pyrolysis for fuel applications

Soheil Valizadeh, Daejun Oh, Jungho Jae, Sumin Pyo, Hoyeon Jang, Hyeonji Yim, Gwang Hoon Rhee, Moonis Ali Khan, Byong Hun Jeon, Kun Yi Andrew Lin, Pau Loke Show, Jung Min Sohn, Young Kwon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


This study evaluated the effects of the pyrolytic temperature, torrefaction, and fractional condensation alongside the combined efficiency of torrefaction and fractional condensation on the production of high-quality bio-oil from woody sawdust (WS) pyrolysis for the first time. The proportion of acids decreased gradually with increasing temperature from 300 to 600 °C, while the selectivity of phenolic compounds was enhanced. An increase in the torrefaction severity caused a significant decrease in the bio-oil yield at the pyrolysis stage but favorably increased the selectivity of phenolics and mitigated the fraction of oxygenated compounds. In fractional condensation, the proportion of total oxygenates was increased with decreasing condensing temperature from the first condenser (Con 1) (250 °C) to the fourth condenser (Con 4) (-20 °C). On the other hand, most phenolics were condensed in Con 1 and then showed a decreasing trend with a decrease in temperature. Integrating torrefaction and fractional condensation decreased the oxygenated content dramatically while increasing the selectivity of phenolic content significantly (up to 89.48%) under high- and mild- temperatures condensation, suggesting a functional improvement. Overall, the torrefaction of biomass combined with fractional condensation in biomass pyrolysis is a promising approach to produce biofuels.

Original languageBritish English
Article number122959
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2022


  • Biofuels
  • Phenolic-rich bio-oil
  • Pyrolysis
  • Sawdust


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