Effect of Negative Stiffness Content on the Periodic Motion of Nonlinearly Coupled Oscillators

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The linear and nonlinear stiffness coupling forces in dynamical oscillators are usually dominated by positive stiffness components. Therefore, plotting the resultant force in y-axis with respect to the change in displacement in x-axis results in an odd symmetry in the first and third quadrants of the xy-plane. However, the appearance of negative stiffness content in coupling elements between dynamical oscillators generates a force that can be dominated by an odd symmetry in the second and fourth quadrants. The underlying nonlinear dynamical behavior of systems employing this kind of force has not been well-studied in the literature. Accordingly, the considered system here is composed of two linear oscillators that are nonlinearly coupled by a force of which the negative stiffness content is dominant. Therefore, the underlying dynamical behavior of the considered system in physical and dimensionless forms is studied on the frequency-energy plots where many backbone curves of periodic solution have been obtained. It is found that within a wide range of nonlinear frequency levels, the nonlinear coupling force is dominated by a strong negative stiffness content at the obtained frequency-energy plots backbones.

Original languageBritish English
Article number114501-6
JournalJournal of Computational and Nonlinear Dynamics
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2021


  • Frequency energy plot
  • MEMS
  • Micro electro-mechanical-systems
  • Negative stiffness
  • Nonlinear oscillation
  • Nonlinear stiffness


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