ECG biometric with abnormal cardiac conditions in remote monitoring system

Khairul A. Sidek, Ibrahim Khalil, Herbert F. Jelinek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations


This paper presents a person identification mechanism using electrocardiogram (ECG) signals with abnormal cardiac conditions in network environments. A total of 164 subjects were used in this paper using three different databases containing various irregular heart states from MIT-BIH arrhythmia database (MITDB), MIT-BIH supraventricular arrhythmia database (SVDB), and Charles Sturt diabetes complication screening initiative (DiSciRi) database. We proposed a simple yet effective biometric sample extraction technique for ECG samples with abnormal cardiac conditions to improve the person identification process. These sample points were then applied to four classifiers to verify the robustness of identification. Varying numbers of enrollment and recognition QRS complexes were used to validate the stability of the proposed method. Our experimentation results show that the biometric technique outperforms existing methods lacking the ability to efficiently extract features for biometric matching. This is evident by obtaining high accuracy results of 96.7% for MITDB, 96.4% for SVDB, and 99.3% for DiSciRi. Moreover, high sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and Youden Index's values further verifies the reliability of the proposed method. This technique also suggests the possibility of improving the classification performance using ECG recordings with low sampling frequency and increased number of ECG samples.

Original languageBritish English
Article number6867363
Pages (from-to)1498-1509
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2014


  • Abnormal cardiac condition
  • Bayes network
  • biomedical signal processing
  • biometric
  • electrocardiography
  • kNN
  • multilayer perceptron (MLP)
  • normalization
  • pattern classification
  • radial basis function (RBF)


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