Dynamic Transitional Droops for Seamless Line-Switching in Islanded Microgrids

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7 Scopus citations


Line-switching operations introduce several concerns to microgrid operators since they trigger reliability and power quality issues in addition to increasing the wear and tear cost of switching devices. This paper proposes a novel methodology for achieving seamless line-switching in low-inertia islanded microgrids. The proposed methodology aims at mitigating the detrimental line-switching impacts by minimizing the power flow in the switched lines at the moments of executing the switching operations. The minimization of the power flow is realized by optimizing the droop control parameters of the DGs during the transition from one network topology to another. Besides, during executing a series of line-switching operations, the sequence of switching is also optimized to minimize the total switched power. While optimizing the line-switching execution sequence, the transitional droops are optimized for each line-switching operation within that sequence. A dynamic mixed-integer nonlinear programming problem is formulated to find both the optimized dynamic transitional droops and line-switching sequence simultaneously. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed seamless line-switching methodology where the switched power can be reduced by more than 80% for a single line-switching operation and 54% considering a series of four switch exchanges in addition to achieving several instances of zero-current switching. As a result, a significant decrease in the peak of voltage transients has been recorded for some cases.

Original languageBritish English
Pages (from-to)5590-5601
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1 Nov 2021


  • Droop-control
  • islanded microgrids
  • line-switching
  • switch-exchange
  • switching transients


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